TRADITIONAL USE AND DESCRIPTION
These two complementary instruments display
the hourly movement of the Sun and stars in relation to the movement
of the Earth around the Sun.
These instruments consist of two hemispherical bowls housed
in an octagon. The hemispheres are reflections of the celestial
sphere.1 Each bowl contains
both open and solid sections; wherever one bowl has a solid section,
the other bowl has an open section. The two bowls are complementary
to one another and work at alternating hours. The solid "fingers"
on each bowl represent one-hour sections of the sky. The upper
rim of the bowl represents the horizon. Suspended over the center
of each bowl are two crosswires. Directly beneath where the wires
cross, at the bottom of the bowl, the zenith point2 is represented. The location of the
shadow of the crosswires on the bowl displays the location of
the Sun with reference to the celestial sphere.
With this instrument, one can determine the declination,3 altitude,4 azimuth,
the rising Zodiac Sign,5 the
Zodiac Sign that is on the local meridian,6
the winter and summer solstice, the spring and
autumn equinox, and the local solar time.7
VEDIC INFLUENCE--THE VIEW OF MAHARISHI VEDIC SCIENCESM
The system of the planets revolving around the Sun,
the rotation of the Earth on its axis, and the movement of the
Earth around the Sun all have an influence on the physiology
of the individual. By placing one's attention through the vision
on these two Jai Prakas Yantras, those parts of the physiology
that are specifically related to these influences coming from
outside are enlivened and improved.
An imaginary sphere projected into the sky, which surrounds the
Earth and takes the Earth's center point as its center. Celestial
bodies are imagined as being located on this sphere for the purpose
of measuring their positions from Earth for the observer.
2 The point
in the sky directly above the observer.
3 The angular
distance of a celestial body north or south of the plane of the
4 An angular
measurement from the horizon towards the zenith point.
star constellations that occupy 30 degrees each of the Zodiac
circle (a belt around the ecliptic where all the planets orbit
6 An imaginary
great circle that passes through the north and south celestial
pole and the point directly above the observer (zenith point).
time differs from local standard time depending on one's location
in the time zone, daylight savings, and whether the Earth is
nearer to or farther away from the Sun (due to its elliptical
orbit). Solar noon is when the Sun is directly overhead.